Tooth cavity, tooth decay, or tooth caries are the results of tooth enamel being dissolved by acids created by bacteria. Tooth cavity is a common dental condition that affects more than 50% of the population in industrialized countries. For most people tooth cavity is not permanent and can be fixed with proper treatment. But for some, it can lead to tooth loss and other complications. In this article, we will discuss what tooth cavity means, how does it form, how to prevent it and what treatments are available if you get one!
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What Is Tooth Cavity?
A tooth cavity is a hole or opening in the tooth that has been caused by decay, acid erosion, wear and tear from brushing. Tooth cavities are often irreversible because once they reach the nerve of the tooth it cannot be saved. However, tooth cavities are not always permanent and can be fixed by a dentist.
- A tooth cavity is a hole or opening in the tooth that has been caused by decay, acid erosion, wear and tear from brushing.
- Tooth cavities are often irreversible because once they reach the nerve of the tooth it cannot be saved.
- Tooth cavities are not always permanent and can be fixed by a dentist.
Early Signs Of A Tooth Cavity
- Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold
- A toothache that won’t go away with medication
- Tooth pain after eating something sweet
The first sign of teeth cavity is tooth sensitivity. You will experience this when your teeth are exposed because the enamel has been dissolved by bacteria and now there’s space for new substances such as acids, starches, sugars, etc. The second sign of tooth cavity is a toothache which can last days even if you take pain killers like Advil or Tylenol. This happens because the pressure in the mouth increases due to the inflamed tissues around it and it gets worse over time so you should visit your dentist right away just in case it could be more serious than expected.
The third sign of tooth cavity is tooth pain after eating something sweet. This will happen when there’s a lot of bacteria around the tooth and you consume sugary foods because they can feed on sugar as well, this causes acid to form which eats away at your tooth enamel leading to tooth decay or cavities.
Causes Of Tooth Cavity
The tooth cavity starts as a small spot on your tooth enamel that is caused by bacteria. It can happen when the tooth surface becomes exposed and the tooth isn’t protected from acid enough because of saliva not being produced insufficient amount, an illness or injury to teeth or gums, too many germs around teeth (from trauma), food left in contact with teeth for longer than necessary, lack of fluoride exposure overtime, etc.
- The most common cause of tooth cavity (also known as caries) formation is due to oral bacteria converting sugars found in food into acid which then attacks teeth. This process forms a plaque on your teeth – a sticky film that is difficult for you to remove without brushing and flossing regularly! Plaque contains millions of bacterial cells so keeping dental hygiene up leads will help prevent both gum disease and tooth cavity too. It’s important not just because these conditions are unpleasant but they also increase the risk of tooth loss and infection.
- Tooth decay is caused by tooth enamel being dissolved by acids created from bacteria. The tooth has an outer layer called the hard tooth enamel, and if this becomes damaged it can lead to tooth cavities forming or tooth loss.
- If you have certain genetic risks factors such as low levels of amylase enzyme in saliva that breaks down sugars, higher levels of tooth-friendly bacteria (Streptococcus mutans), and a history of tooth decay in your family.
What Bacteria Causes Tooth Cavities?
The tooth has an outer layer called the hard tooth enamel, and if this becomes damaged it can lead to tooth cavities forming or tooth loss.
Bacteria are a common cause of tooth decay as they convert sugars found in food into acid which then attacks teeth. The most common type is streptococcus mutans – these bacteria live naturally on your tongue and feed off sugar from all the snacks you consume! This means that consuming foods with high levels of refined sugar (e.g., chocolate) increases the risk for cavity formation too so be mindful when eating dessert!
Proper dental hygiene will help prevent bacterial growth but it’s important not just because these conditions are unpleasant but also increase risks of gum disease, tooth abscess.
Headache Due To Tooth Cavity
If tooth decay gets worse it can lead to the tooth having a cavity. The tooth will eventually lose its strength and may break or fracture under pressure, which is painful! Tooth damage leads to dental pain in many cases – if you have persistent headaches that are not related to other symptoms such as coughing fits then tooth cavity might be the cause.
Tooth cavities can also give rise to tooth sensitivity where there is an unpleasant awareness of temperature changes on your tongue, for example when eating ice cream or drinking hot drinks. This usually only occurs with larger holes in the tooth too so don’t panic if this happens but visit your dentist just in case.
Tooth Cavity Types
There are different tooth cavity types, some more serious than others.
A tooth can have tooth decay or tooth caries (also known as a soft tooth cavity), which is one of the most common types, this type does not penetrate through the whole thickness of a tooth and can be easily reversed with proper treatment.
A tooth cavity can also lead to a tooth abscess – an infection that forms in the roots of your tooth. which penetrates all layers of the affected tooth and cannot be fixed without removing it from its socket. If this is left untreated it will form pus and swelling which can cause pain, redness, and fever too! This type needs medical attention right away so don’t try to fix it yourself as you could make things worse. Tooth cavities are not usually permanent but if they’re severe then treatment may be needed.
It’s important to monitor this because if left untreated it will lead to more serious problems and tooth loss in many cases, but don’t worry you shouldn’t panic if you experience this type! There may also be an infection present which makes things worse so make sure to visit your dentist for treatment right away.
These two types can also affect both children’s and adults’ teeth because they may differ only in degree rather than kind.
– Adults usually have more developed dental tissue for protection against severe cases of tooth cavities.
– Children’s teeth are softer and have thinner tooth enamel, which is more susceptible to tooth cavities than adults’ teeth because it does not take as much time for the acids created by bacteria in plaque on their tooth surfaces to dissolve tooth enamel and reach dentin (the layer of your tooth that contains nerves).
“Early” or Type I cavity can be reversed with proper treatment, this type usually only affects a part of the tooth surface without going through its entire thickness. It should never grow any deeper into the tooth. If you brush properly at least twice a day and floss at least once a week, then you may avoid getting an Early Tooth Cavity.
Tooth Cavity Side Effects?
The side effects of tooth cavities can vary from tooth sensitivity to tooth loss. Tooth decay or tooth caries is the result of bacteria feeding on sugar in the mouth and producing acid which dissolves tooth enamel, exposing the dentin that has no natural protective layer. The infection then spreads through this exposed part of your tooth with symptoms such as pain, swelling, bad breath (halitosis), pus seeping out of the gum line – sometimes a yellowish hue develops around teeth where there are cavities too.
In more serious cases abscesses form which will need treatment by a dentist urgently especially if they burst open and leak poisonous toxins into your body system potentially leading to death.
Tooth Cavity Pain Symptoms
1. Tooth loss
2. Pain when biting food
3. Tooth sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures, especially when eating or drinking something sweet, cold, or hot
4. Visible holes or gaps in the teeth
5. Tooth pain or a toothache.
6. Swelling in the gums around that tooth
Pain from the tooth cavity is caused by one of two things: the pulp (nerve) inside your tooth gets infected and hurts really bad. Or there’s decay on the outside of your tooth that irritates the nerve endings in your teeth when we eat certain foods like ice cream or chocolate. Sometimes you may brush too hard during brushing which can also cause gum irritation leading to inflammation around the root of those affected teeth as well as sensitive nerves within them.
Tooth cavities are more common with people who drink lots of sugary drinks because they increase bacteria production in their mouth, thus weakening enamel over time* The symptoms for an infection of tooth cavity are tooth pain or toothache, swelling in the gums around that tooth, and fever.
Are Cavities Really Permanent?
Cavities are not permanent and tooth decay can be treated with proper care. But if tooth cavities are left untreated they will lead to tooth loss, tooth sensitivity, or other dental problems.
The best way to avoid tooth cavity and other problems is just brushing twice per day using fluoridated toothpaste for two minutes each time and also floss once daily before bedtime if possible! But don’t worry too much as most of the population suffers from tooth cavities.
How To Keep Your Teeth Cavity Free?
If you do have a tooth cavity follow these tips to keep your teeth cavity-free
toothpaste with fluoride and toothbrush with soft bristles.
– avoid sugary drinks, gum that can stick to your teeth, or sticky foods like caramel which also contain sugar – rinse toothbrushes after brushing so you don’t get tooth decay again while waiting for the toothpaste to activate in your mouth.
-avoid acidic food: Acids found in fruit juices, wine, and citrus fruits will damage tooth enamel over time if used too often.
-limit snacks between meals: Your daily caloric intake should come from three main meals plus one healthy snack per day instead of snacking all throughout the day because this could lead to tooth cavity formation as a result of many acids coming into contact with not much saliva present on top of tooth enamel.
-limit tooth brushing time: Toothbrush should be used for no more than two minutes and toothpaste can’t stay on the teeth for too long as it will also dissolve tooth enamel over time because of all the acids in toothpaste.
-Limit alcohol consumption: Alcohol is a natural mouthwash but you don’t want to use it often since it is very acidic- even if in small amounts – this acidity combined with sugar from drinks or food, like wine, can cause tooth decay when left exposed to your teeth unattended.
*Avoid using regular toothpaste on children under six years old: The fluoride content that helps prevent cavities might not protect them enough before they start losing their milk teeth so talk to the dentist about toothpaste for kids with fluorine.
-Regular dental exams: These are free and will help you keep track of the health status of your teeth as they grow, so talk to a dentist about when is a good time to schedule one.
-Brush after eating sugary foods or drinks: Toothbrush should be used before toothpaste if this happens since these substances can stick on tooth enamel while waiting for toothbrush bristles to do their job so it’s important that we use both tools together in order to clean off all food particles stuck on our teeth (namely sugar) – brushing first dilutes mouth wash by increasing saliva production which helps prevent cavities.
-avoid smoking tobacco products because not only does nicotine make oral tissues inflamed and tooth enamel more susceptible to tooth cavity, it also makes your mouth produce less saliva.
-avoid sweets: Even though tooth decay might seem like a normal problem for children in industrialized countries that live with access to sugary snacks all day long, try not giving them too many sweet foods or drinks because if they don’t have any other food coming into contact with their teeth then the sugar will be left unattended on top of tooth enamel which can lead to tooth cavities over time (even without brushing).
-Brush twice per day: This is very important as we need at least one hour after eating before brushing again and another half an hour between breakfast and lunch; this way our mouths are free from bacteria while we eat what we like to eat.